Glossary of soil and water terms



Publisher: American Society of Agricultural Engineers in St. Joseph, Mich

Written in English
Published: Pages: 45 Downloads: 930
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Subjects:

  • Soil science -- Dictionaries.,
  • Hydrology -- Dictionaries.,
  • Water in agriculture -- Dictionaries.,
  • Soil physics -- Dictionaries.

Edition Notes

Cover title: Glossary, soil and water terms.

Other titlesGlossary, soil and water terms.
Statementprepared by the Nomenclature Committee (SW 07), Soil and Water Division, American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
SeriesSpecial publication -- SP-04-67., Special publication (American Society of Agricultural Engineers) -- 67-04.
ContributionsAmerican Society of Agricultural Engineers. Nomenclature Committee (SW 07), American Society of Agricultural Engineers.
The Physical Object
Pagination45 p. ;
Number of Pages45
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15143958M

Soil. The outer, weather layer of the earth's crust that has the potential to support plant life. Soil is made up of inorganic particles, organic matter, microorganisms, water, and air. Soil management. The practices used in treating a soil, which may include various types of tillage and production systems. Soil structure. Horizon – One of the layers of a soil profile, distinguished principally by its texture, color, structure and chemical content. These include the “A” horizon, the uppermost layer of a soil profile from which inorganic colloids and other soluble materials have been leached; the “B” horizon, the layer of a soil profile in which material leached from the overlying “A” horizon is. Glossary of technical terms Aerobic: a condition in which molecular oxygen is freely available (ISO, ). Anaerobic: descriptive of a condition in which molecular oxygen is not available (ISO, ). Available water capacity: soil water content useable by plants, based on the effective root penetration depth (ISO, ).File Size: KB. Book July A revised and updated glossary of hydrogeological terms. Discover the world's research. 16+ million members; involving rock, soil, water, air, and living organisms.

Free-living ameboid protozoa found usually in fresh water or moist soil. Acceptable risk Level of risk such that the benefits derived by an organism, a population or an ecological system are perceived to outweigh the adverse effects that might affect them as a result of being administers or exposed to a .   Soil, water, air, biota (plants and animals), or any other parts of the environment that can contain contaminants. Environmental media and transport mechanism Environmental media include water, air, soil, and biota (plants and animals). Transport mechanisms move contaminants from the source to points where human exposure can occur. Filter rating meaning that % (or essentially all) of the particles larger than a specified micron rating will be trapped on or within the filter. The process in which one substance penetrates into the body of another substance, termed the absorbent. An example is the absorption of water into soil. A substance which releases hydrogen ions. Water Basics Glossary. This glossary is a compilation of hydrologic terms previously defined in published USGS reports, hence, all definitions have been approved for publication and are in the public domain. Soil moisture - Water occurring in the pore spaces between the soil particles in the unsaturated zone from which water is.

Title – National Soil Survey Handbook (H, 1st Ed., Amend. 25, Nov. ) A.1 Part – Glossary of Landform and Geologic Terms Subpart A – General Information Definition and Purpose This glossary provides the NCSS soil survey program, soil .   Glossary of water terms Here’s a comprehensive, non-technical glossary of water terms to help you better understand water treatment and terminology concerning water related issues. We’ve tried to break things down to make them as easy to understand as possible. Sheet Erosion occurs when a sheet of soil particles is removed while water flows uniformly over the surface. Silt are particles between mm and mm in diameter. Soil Erosion means the wearing away of the soil surface material by wind, water or gravitational effects. Natural rates of erosion are accelerated by some human activities. Available water capacity (available moisture capacity). Capacity of soils to hold water available for use by most plants. It is commonly defined as the difference between the amount of soil water at field moisture capacity and the amount at wilting point. It is expressed as inches of water per inch of soil. Bacteria. Microscopic, one-celled.

Glossary of soil and water terms Download PDF EPUB FB2

This Glossary of Soil Science Terms was an ad hoc committee of the Soil Science of America to provide a single glossary of terms for the various disciplines of soil science. Thanks are expressed to the many members of the society who have aided in the development of this glossary over the.

Cover title: Glossary, soil and water terms. Description: 45 pages ; 28 cm: Series Title: Special publication (American Society of Agricultural Engineers), Other Titles: Glossary, soil and water terms Soil and water terms: Responsibility.

Glossary of Water Terms - S Safe Drinking Water Act: a regulatory program passed by the U.S. Congress in to help ensure safe drinking water in the United States; sets maximum contaminant levels for a variety of chemicals, metals, and bacteria in public water supplies.

More than terms are included in this revised glossary. Subject matter includes soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology and biochemistry, pedology, soil and water management and Glossary of soil and water terms book, forest and range soils, nutrient management and soil and plant analysis, mineralogy, wetland soils, and soils and environmental quality.4/5(1).

acid: a substance that has a pH value between 0 and 7 acid deposition ("acid rain"): water that falls to or condenses on the Earth's surface as rain, drizzle, snow, sleet, hail, dew, frost, or fog with a pH of less than acre-foot: the amount of water needed to cover one acre of land one foot deep; aboutgallons adhesion: the attraction between molecules that causes matter to.

Download book as ePub More than terms are included in this revised glossary. Subject matter includes soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology and biochemistry, pedology, soil and water management and conservation, forest and range soils, nutrient management and soil and plant analysis, mineralogy, wetland soils, and soils and.

More than terms are included in this newly revised glossary. Subject matter includes soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology and biochemistry, pedology, soil and water management and conservation, forest and range soils, nutrient management and soil and plant analysis, mineralogy, wetland soils, and soils and environmental : Paperback.

Glossary of Soil–related terms This glossary seeks to explain in non-technical language some of the common terminology used by soil scientists. For more information, please visit our website at Aerated soil An aerated soil is a soil with a good movement of air through the soil structure.

The opposite is a wet waterlogged Size: KB. American Society of Agronomy Crop Science Society of America Soil Science Society of America Certified Crop Advisers Log In My Account Due to COVID, our staff is working remotely.

Our glossary was designed to help visitors to our website understand unfamiliar book-related terms. A more complete guide to Book Sizes, Book Conditions and Binding Terms can be found through the aforementioned links. A copy for reviewers and/or booksellers, usually bound in paperwraps and usually with either the finished cover art or possibly.

glossary oftheSoilScience Society ofAmerica (), was printed inEnglishasPart IIofthe Proceedings oftheCSSS,Thepresent glossary contains someadditional terms andsomereviseddefinitions.

Itispublished bytheResearch Branch ofthe Canada Department ofAgriculture inEnglish and French. Inthe English. Soil Health Glossary. Below are two glossaries that can be helpful: Soil Health Terms (including soil properties, soil health indicators, and assessment terminology); Soil Ecology Terms (including soil organisms, biological processes, and ecology terminology); The Soil Science Society of America, Madison WI maintains an Internet Glossary of Soil Science Terms.

Glossary of Landform and Geologic Terms (Part of the National Soil Survey Handbook) General Information and Exhibits Geophysical Investigations Dr. Jim Doolittle and Wes Tuttle, retired soil scientists, produced many trip reports on ground-penetrating radar.

About this book More than terms are included in this revised glossary. Subject matter includes soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology and biochemistry, pedology, soil and water management and conservation, forest and range soils, nutrient management and soil and plant analysis, mineralogy, wetland soils, and soils and environmental.

Glossary - W Water pressure. The force exerted by water that has been compressed. Water turbine. A water turbine is similar to a waterwheel and is a device that uses falling or flowing water to create energy.

There are a set of paddles or rotors mounted around the wheel. The force of the water moves the paddles, causing the wheel to turn. Drainage - How water moves through the soil. A real important factor for most plants and gardens. In general water should move through the soil whether in a garden or in a container somewhat easily.

If there is standing water create better drainage by adding non-porous material. For water resources information please visit our Oregon Water Science Center Home Page or Oregon Water Science Center Hydrologic Studies Page.

The definitions found in this glossary are from, "The Federal Glossary of Selected Terms: Subsurface-Water Flow and Solute Transport": Department of Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Office of Water Data Coordination, August Link to SSSA Glossary of Soil Science Terms Official Glossary of Landform and Geologic Terms(PDF Document) Glossary of Terms for Subaqueous Soils.

ABC soil. A soil having an A, a B, and a C horizon. Ablation till. Loose, permeable till deposited during the final down-wasting of glacial ice. Lenses of crudely sorted sand and gravel are common.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Glossary of Key Terms Interflow (aka shallow interflow): The flow of water through the upper soil zones into a stream. In comparison with baseflow, which tends to originate from lower soil zones, interflow tends to have a shorter travel time and quicker response. THUNDERSTORM TERMS. Anvil - The spreading out (by strong winds) of the upper portion of the thunderstorm.

It usually has a fibrous or smooth appearance. With long-lasting thunderstorms, the anvil may spread more than miles downwind. Cumulus cloud - a cauliflower-shaped cloud with a flat base and sharp edges. Tufts are rising columns of air. Soil Glossary The Links4Soil team is building the Alpine Soil Glossary.

Most important soil-related terms are (to be) listed in the table below for all Alpine national languages. You are cordially invited to contribute to Soil Glossary by suggesting a term, adding explanation or improved translation by sending it to [email protected] Many thanks in advance.

Understanding the terms defined in this fact sheet will help farmers understand relationships between tillage, crop rotation, cover crops, carbon sequestration, organic matter pool, agricultural sustainability, and soil and water quality. Sustainable agriculture and soil quality are terms that are increasingly important to modern farming.

GLOSSARY OF SOIL TERMS ACIDIC: Soils with a B2 horizon in which the major part is strongly acid. This term is used as a Subgroup distinction for a number of Soil Orders in the Australian Soil Classification system (Isbell ) ACIDIFICATION: The process whereby soils become acidic over a period of time as a result ofFile Size: KB.

This glossary of geography terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts used in geography and related fields, which describe and identify spatial dimension, geographic locations, topographical features, natural resources, and the collection, analysis, and visualization of geographic related terms, see Glossary of geology and Glossary of environmental science.

©Sharp, J. M., Jr.,A Glossary of Hydrogeological Terms: The University of Texas, Austin, Texas 3 A GLOSSARY OF HYDROGEOLOGICAL TERMS by John M. Sharp, Jr. Department of Geological Sciences The University of Texas A-horizon - the upper level of a soil which is characterized by a mixture of soil particles andCited by: 4.

soil structure – the way soil particles are aggregated into aggregates or “crumbs”, important for the passage of air and water; soil water storage – total amount of water stored in the soil in the plant root zone.

solar energy - the radiant energy of the Sun, which can be converted into other forms of energy, such as heat or electricity.

[noun] A method of expressing numbers in terms of a decimal number greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10 multiplied by a power of Scientific Revolution [noun] A term first coined by Alexandre Koyré init refers to the remarkable scientific advances roughly extending from the publication of De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium by.

Glossary of terms used in this book. adobe Bricks dried slowly in the sun, but not in direct sunlight, made of clay that has been thoroughly mixed with water, often with straw, grass or other natural fibres added.

adsorption The adhesion, in a thin layer, of liquids to the surface of solids with which they are in contact. aerobic Living or taking place in the presence of air or free.

14 vocabulary words which students have the terms and definitions on index cards. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Army: The largest organizational group of soldiers, made up of one or more corps. There were 16 Union armies (named after rivers, such as the Army of the Potomac) and 23 Confederate armies (named after states or regions, such as the Army of Northern Virginia).

1 company = 50 to men, 10 companies = 1 regiment, about 4 regiments = 1 brigade.Emergent marsh is a shallow-water wetland along the shores of lakes and streams. These areas are subject to frequent flooding and Its acidic soil and sand composition has limited water-retention capabilities.

Environmental Data Book, Edition Glossary .soil probe - A tool used to remove a one inch diameter, four to ten inch long soil core from turf areas to examine root development, thatch depth, topsoil depth, soil arrangement, and soil moisture.

soil separates - Particles into which soil can be separated by size without regard to chemical composition, color, weight, or other properties.